Continuing with the series about Hadoop, this post covers how to connect HBase and Hadoop together. This makes possible for instance to feed a MapReduce job from a HBase database or to write MapReduce results to a HBase table.

Taking the Hadoop Word Count example as starting point, I’m going to change it so it writes its output to a HBase table instead of to the filesystem.

First thing is to add HBase dependencies in the pom.xml.

<!-- HBase -->

In my case I’m using HBase 0.90.5 which is compatible with my current version of Hadoop (V1.0.2). Before trying a higher version of Hadoop or HBase, check both versions are compatible with one each other. Upgrading current versions of both tools may imply modifications in the example code below.

I also need to create a table where to write the results.

$ hbase shell
$ create 'words', 'number'

The table words will contain a key with a word, which is unique, and number of repetitions for each word.

Writing results to a HBase database basically implies to change the Reducer task. Other changes are needed too, like changing the preparation of the job.

public static class Reduce extends
      TableReducer<Text, IntWritable, ImmutableBytesWritable> {

   protected void reduce(Text key, Iterable<IntWritable> values,
      Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException {

      int sum = 0;
      for (IntWritable value : values) {
         sum += value.get();
      Put put = new Put(toBytes(key.toString()));
      put.add(toBytes("number"), toBytes(""), toBytes(sum));
      context.write(null, put);

FileInputFormat.setInputPaths(job, new Path("/tmp/wordcount/in"));

Code is available at Hadoop-Word-Count under the remote branch word-count-hbase-write.

Likewise, it’s possible to read the contents for a MapReduce job from a HBase table and write the results to the filesystem or to a HBase table. Continuing with this example, I’m going to modify the Mapper class so it reads its contents from a HTable table.

First thing is to bulk load some files into a HBase table. To ease this step I created a basic tool called HBaseLoader. To run it:

$ mvn exec:java -Dexec.mainClass=com.igalia.hbaseloader.HBaseLoader
-Dtablename=files -Ddir=dir

And this how the Mapper changes:

public static class MapClass extends
      TableMapper<Text, IntWritable> {

   protected void map(ImmutableBytesWritable key, Result row,
         Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException {
      // Do stuff
   Text.class, IntWritable.class,

You can check this implementation at under the word-count-hbase-read-write branch.